695 Max Area of Island

You are given an m x n binary matrix grid. An island is a group of 1’s (representing land) connected 4-directionally (horizontal or vertical.) You may assume all four edges of the grid are surrounded by water.

The area of an island is the number of cells with a value 1 in the island.

Return the maximum area of an island in grid. If there is no island, return 0.

Example 1:

Input: grid = [
    [0,0,1,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0],
    [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,0,0],
    [0,1,1,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0],
    [0,1,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,0,1,0,0],
    [0,1,0,0,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,0,0],
    [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0],
    [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,1,0,0,0],
    [0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,1,0,0,0,0]]
Output: 6
Explanation: The answer is not 11, because the island must be connected 4-directionally.

Example 2:

Input: grid = [[0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]]
Output: 0

Constraints:

  • m == grid.length
  • n == grid[i].length
  • 1 <= m, n <= 50
  • grid[i][j] is either 0 or 1.
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class Solution:
    def maxAreaOfIsland(self, grid: List[List[int]]) -> int:
        max_area = 0
        for i in range(len(grid)):
            for j in range(len(grid[0])):
                if grid[i][j] == 1:
                    max_area = max(self.dfs(grid, i, j), max_area)
        return max_area
        
    def dfs(self, grid: List[List[int]], x: int, y: int) -> int:
        count = 0
        stack = [(x, y)]
        while stack:
            i, j = stack.pop()
            if grid[i][j] == 1:
                grid[i][j] = 2
                count += 1
                if i > 0:
                    stack.append((i-1, j))
                if i < len(grid) - 1:
                    stack.append((i+1, j))
                if j > 0:
                    stack.append((i, j-1))
                if j < len(grid[0]) - 1:
                    stack.append((i, j+1))
        return count