# 399 Evaluate Division

You are given an array of variable pairs equations and an array of real numbers values, where equations[i] = [Ai, Bi] and values[i] represent the equation Ai / Bi = values[i]. Each Ai or Bi is a string that represents a single variable.

You are also given some queries, where queries[j] = [Cj, Dj] represents the jth query where you must find the answer for Cj / Dj = ?.

Return the answers to all queries. If a single answer cannot be determined, return -1.0.

Note: The input is always valid. You may assume that evaluating the queries will not result in division by zero and that there is no contradiction.

Example 1:

Input: equations = [["a","b"],["b","c"]],
values = [2.0,3.0],
queries = [["a","c"],["b","a"],["a","e"],["a","a"],["x","x"]]
Output: [6.00000,0.50000,-1.00000,1.00000,-1.00000]
Explanation:
Given: a / b = 2.0, b / c = 3.0
queries are: a / c = ?, b / a = ?, a / e = ?, a / a = ?, x / x = ?
return: [6.0, 0.5, -1.0, 1.0, -1.0 ]

Example 2:

Input: equations = [["a","b"],["b","c"],["bc","cd"]],
values = [1.5,2.5,5.0],
queries = [["a","c"],["c","b"],["bc","cd"],["cd","bc"]]
Output: [3.75000,0.40000,5.00000,0.20000]

Example 3:

Input: equations = [["a","b"]], values = [0.5],
queries = [["a","b"],["b","a"],["a","c"],["x","y"]]
Output: [0.50000,2.00000,-1.00000,-1.00000]

Constraints:

• 1 <= equations.length <= 20
• equations[i].length == 2
• 1 <= Ai.length, Bi.length <= 5
• values.length == equations.length
• 0.0 < values[i] <= 20.0
• 1 <= queries.length <= 20
• queries[i].length == 2
• 1 <= Cj.length, Dj.length <= 5
• Ai, Bi, Cj, Dj consist of lower case English letters and digits.
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 class Solution: def calcEquation( self, equations: List[List[str]], values: List[float], queries: List[List[str]] ) -> List[float]: def dfs(cur: str, dst: str, ans: float) -> float: if cur == dst: return ans for adj, adj_val in graph[cur].items(): if adj not in seen: seen.add(adj) result = dfs(adj, dst, ans * adj_val) if result != -1: return result seen.remove(adj) return -1 graph = defaultdict(dict) for (a, b), val in zip(equations, values): graph[a][b] = val graph[b][a] = 1 / val res = [] seen = set() for src, dst in queries: res.append(dfs(src, dst, 1) if src in graph else -1) seen.clear() return res