Given an array of integers
arr, replace each element with its rank.
The rank represents how large the element is. The rank has the following rules:
- Rank is an integer starting from 1.
- The larger the element, the larger the rank. If two elements are equal, their rank must be the same.
- Rank should be as small as possible.
Input: arr = [40,10,20,30] Output: [4,1,2,3] Explanation: 40 is the largest element. 10 is the smallest. 20 is the second smallest. 30 is the third smallest.
Input: arr = [100,100,100] Output: [1,1,1] Explanation: Same elements share the same rank.
Input: arr = [37,12,28,9,100,56,80,5,12] Output: [5,3,4,2,8,6,7,1,3]
0 <= arr.length <= 105
-109 <= arr[i] <= 109